Born in 1800:
Died in 1800:
Events of 1800:
(January 1) The Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie is dissolved,
and its territories (today's Indonesia) become the property of the Batavian Republic (a government of The Netherlands that is a puppet of France).
(January 21) Tsar Paul I recalls Marshal Suvorov to St. Petersburg
and strips him of his titles and command.
- (February 11) The French People (?) overwhemingly approve the new Constitution making Napoleon Bonaparte First Consul, i.e., dictator of France.
(March 14) The College of Cardinals elects Gregorio Barnaba Chiaramonti
Pope Pius VII.
(March 20) The French army in Egypt under Kleber defeats the Ottoman army at the Battle of Heliopolis.
(April) Kleber puts down an uprising in Cairo, whose citizens
are speaking in terms of jihad.
(May 13) Napoleon Bonaparte assembles his army in Geneva and
prepares to cross the Alps into Italy.
(June 14) The French army smashes the Austrian army at the Battle of
Marengo near Milan, and Napoleon controls Italy again.
(June 14) Kleber's assassination leaves the Franch army in the hands of
General Jacques Menou who had converted to Islam.
(August 1) Toussaint L'Ouverture's last rival flees to France.
(September 26) Joseph Bonaparte and Elbridge Gerry conclude the Convention
of Mortfontaine ending the United States' Quasi-War with France.
(October 1) France and Spain enter into a secret modification of the
Treaty of San Ildefonso trading Louisiana for territory to be named
later, maybe Tuscany.
- (October) the French crush the Viva Maria movement, sacking Florence and eventually Arezzo, the movement's center.
(November 1) President John Adams moves into the new Presidential
Palace in Washington, DC.
(November 22) Congress meets in the new United States Capitol
for the first time.
(November) The Democratic-Republican Party sweeps the House of Representatives
and the Senate.
(December 18) Partisan politics shows the havoc it can wreak in the Presidential
Election of 1800. The Electoral College meets to choose a new
Thomas Jefferson, Democratic-Republican, 73
Aaron Burr, Democratic-Republican, 73
John Adams, Federalist, 65
Thomas Pinckney, Federalist, 64
John Jay, Federalist. 1
Under the original electoral system, electors cast two votes, one for president
and one for vice-president. All of the Democratic-Republicans
cast one vote for Jefferson and one for Burr. Burr forgets that he was
put forward as a vice-presidential candidate and does not endorse Jeffferson.
This situation drags on into 1801.
John Chapman begins planting apple trees in Ohio.
(August 1) The British Parliament passes an Act of Union abolishing
the Irish parliament, making Ireland part of the United Kingdom.
Alexander von Humboldt, sails up the
Orinoco River and discovers that it splits off a branch, known as
the Casiquiare, which eventually drains into the Amazon river.
Humboldt also proposes that Africa and South America had once ben joined.
Parliament passes two Combination Acts that prohibit the formation
of trade unions.
A thousand slaves prepare to attack Richmond with handmade guns
and ammunition, with the idea of establishing an independent Black state.
The uprising's leader, "Gabriel" is betrayed; the rebellion is crushed
and Gabriel is hanged.
1799 - 1800 - 1801
How they Were Made - 19th Century